- Introduction – Mark 13 is hard to understand (and hard to preach!)
- Interpretive key – prophetic “telescope” (proleptic fulfillment)
- Near future events are seen together (“combined”) with far future events.
- Near future events become a foreshadowing/paradigm for far future events.
- Warnings (Mark 13:5, 9, 23, 33-36)
- Encouragement (Mark 13:13b, 20, 26, 31)
- Reliability of Christ’s Word
“I have told you all things beforehand” (Mark 13:23b).
“Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away” (Mark 13:31).
“The Word of the Lord remains forever” (1 Peter 1:25).
- Christ’s promises are reliable and true.
- Forgiveness of sins
- Eternal life
- Abomination that causes desolation (Dan. 9:27; 11:31; 12:11; Matt. 24:15; Mark 13:14)
- “Son of Man” (Dan. 7:13; Mark 13:26)
- The Last Day = “The Day of the Lord,” “that Day” (Joel 2:1-14; Mark 13:32)
- Those days = Last Days (Mark 13:17, 19, 24)
- Tribulation (trouble)
|Mark 13:1||Herod’s Temple was very impressive (cf. Josephus)|
|Earthquakes and famines leading up to First Jewish War
First Jewish War (66-70 A.D.)
Destruction of Jerusalem type for judgment on all nations on the Last Day / Day of the Lord
Note: Earthquake when Jesus died on the cross!
|Mission work of Peter and Paul in Acts (including Paul’s testimony before Festus, Felix, Agrippa, and possibly Caesar)|
|Christian disciples will be persecuted and betrayed by their own families (cf. Micah 7:6).|
|vv. 14-22||Abomination of Desolation (likely Phanni) type for antichrist/man of lawlessness (cf. 2 Thess. 2:3-4).
Inspired by Antiochus IV’s actions in 166 B.C.
False christs (messiahs) and false prophets
(The Last Day)
|Sun and moon darkened, stars fall from heaven,
Son of Man (Jesus) returns in clouds, angels gather the elect
|vv. 28-31||Parable of the Fig Tree|
|vv. 32-36||No one knows the day or hour—not even Jesus! So stay awake!|
|~530 B.C.||Daniel writes his prophetic vision|
|166-164 B.C.||Seleucid Greek King Antiochus Epiphanes IV
Jewish revolt led by the Maccabees
|~29 A.D.||Jesus’ crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension|
|40’s – 50’s A.D.||Mark’s Gospel written
Famine in Judea
|50’s – 60’s A.D.||Book of Acts (events)
Paul testifies before Festus, Felix, Herod Agrippa, and possibly Caesar
|70 A.D.||Famine in Rome
Destruction of Jerusalem
|79 A.D.||Mt. Vesuvius eruption destroys Pompeii|
|The Last Day (TBD)||Christ (the Son of Man) returns in glory to set the world to rights|